Is that Service Right?
North Carolina

The First Provincial Congress which met in August 1774 at New Bern recommended that each county elect a Committee of Safety.

In April 1775 the Second Provincial Congress met.

In May 1775 The Mecklenburg Resolves were adopted at a public meeting at Charlotte declaring null and void all commissions granted by the King and making provisions for a new government. At New Bern, the Committee of Safety called for a union of all colonies and pledged support for the Continental Congress. Governor Martin fled the state; royal rule ended.

On 12 April 1776 the Fourth Provincial Congress, meeting at Halifax, unanimously adopted a resolution to Continental Congress known as the Halifax Resolves. This resolution gave the delegates of North Carolina the power to concur with delegates of other colonies to declare independence.

In addition to the Continental Forces, North Carolina organized Military Districts--Edenton, Halifax, Hillsborough, New Bern, Wilmington, Salisbury and eventually Morgan. Three areas of North Carolina had heavy concentrations of loyalists; the Cape Fear Region with its wealthy merchants and plantation owners; the Piedmont whose Scottish highlanders had received land in exchange for an oath of loyalty to the King; and the western counties whose German and Quaker populations did not sympathize with the war.

Because of the shortage of money in all of the colonies, various types of 'Notes of Credit' were devised. In North Carolina those who provided goods or services were given slips of paper, official forms, or handwritten scraps of paper. These slips were to be redeemed for cash with interest. In 1780 these vouchers were recalled and new notes were issued, cut from its stub in a curved manner called 'indented' for later identification. Not all vouchers were records of Revolutionary War military service. Only 40,000 to 50,000 of the vouchers have been saved. These vouchers were registered in the Revolutionary Army Account books. An explanation of the types of records contained in each volume in which the researcher is interested should be consulted.

A designation of Patriotic Service is given to any person who entered a land claim for a Land Grant between 1 January 1778 and 26 November 1783 (the date of the law and the latest date accepted by NSDAR for any service). The law states (State Records of North Carolina, vol. 24, p. 44) 'That every person … before he shall enter a claim for any of the lands aforesaid, shall take and subscribe the Oath or Affirmation of Allegiance and Abjuration prescribed by the law of this state.'

During the Revolution, the area now known as Tennessee was claimed and loosely administered by North Carolina. The settlers in southeastern Tennessee, in the area round the Watauga River, drew up a compact of government called the Watauga Association. This association petitioned the North Carolina Legislature in August 1776 requesting annexation to North Carolina. In May 1780 persons from a settlement on the Cumberland River in Middle Tennessee drafted the Cumberland Compact. Signers of both of these documents are considered to have Patriotic Service as a signer of a petition. Men from the area that is now Tennessee served in North Carolina units.

North Carolina gave Military Bounty Warrants to its Continental Line soldiers. The Military Land District, where these grants were to be located, was in Middle Tennessee mainly in the area of then Davidson and Sumner Counties. No military bounty land was given within the present boundaries of North Carolina. These military warrants could be sold or assigned so the person receiving the grant was not necessarily the person performing the military service. Not all grants in Tennessee at this time period were given for military service. The North Carolina Archives may be able to help in determining the person to whom a Revolutionary Military Bounty Land Warrant was given.

Bibliography

Catrwright, B.G. C. and Gardiner, L.J. North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee
     1778-1791
. Memphis, TN: Harper, 1958. (Only section 3).
Clark, Walter. The State Records of North Carolina, vols. 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
     24, 27-30
. Goldsboro, NC: Nash, 1866-1907.
Haun, Weynette Parks. North Carolina Revolutionary Army Accounts. Durham,
     NC: Weynette Parks Haun, 1989-1992. (Parts 1-4).
Leary, Helen F. M. and Stirewalt, Maurice R., ed. North Carolina--Research, 
     Genealogy and Local History
. Raleigh, NC: The North Carolina Genealogy
     Society, 1980 (Pages 313-315, 350-392).
North Carolina Daughters of the American Revolution. Roster of soldiers from
     North Carolina in the American Revolution
. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical
     Publishing Co., 1988.
North Carolina Genealogical Society Journal. Many single articles, but
     particularly the following series of articles:
Camin, Betty J. 'Revolutionary Pension Applications at the North Carolina
     Archives
.' vol. 10, no. 1 (1992) through vol. 20, no. 1 (1994).
Linn, Jo White and McBride, Benjamin Ransom. 'Private Petitions in the North
    
Carolina Legislative papers. Revolutionary War service-related Abstracts
     of the Delamar Transcripts
.' vol. 1, no. 3 (1975) through vol. 6, no. 4 (1980).
McBride, Ransom. 'Revolutionary War Service Records and Settlements.' vol. 8,
     no. 2 (1982) through vol. 18, no. 4 (1994).
North Carolina Revolutionary pay vouchers. North Carolina State Archives, n.d.
     73 rolls.
North Carolina SS Treasurer's and Comptroller's Papers. North Carolina
     Revolutionary Army accounts. 6 rolls with index.
Putnam, A. W. History of Middle Tennessee. Knoxville, TN: University of
     Tennessee Press, 1971. (Pages 100-103 contains list of signers of  
     Cumberland Compact).
Ramsey, J. G. M. The Annals of Tennessee. Kingsport, TN: Kingsport Press,
     1926. (Pages 134-136 contains list of signers of the Watauga Association
     petition).
Saunders, William U. The Colonial Records of North Carolina, vol. 10. Raleigh,
     NC: Josephus Daniels, 1890.
Schmidt, Elisabeth W., comp. Minority Military Service North Carolina 1775-1783.
     Washington, DC: National Society Daughters of the American Revolution,
     1996.
Wheeler, John H. Historical Sketches of North Carolina 1584-1851. New York.
     Frederick H. Hitchcock. 1925.


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